An interactive visualization of tax collections by state governments.
Each year the United States Census Bureau collects data from the states regarding tax collections in various categories. I present this data in an interactive visualization.
The values are for tax collections by the state only, not local governmental entities like cities, counties, townships, improvement districts, cemetery districts, library districts, drainage districts, watershed districts, and school districts.
Of particular interest is the “Total by State” tab. Here you can select a number of states and compare their tax burdens. (Probably three or four states at a time is the practical limit.) This data is presented on a per-person basis.
From this data we can see a number of valuable comparisons. For example, it is often said in Kansas that we can’t eliminate our income tax as has Texas, because we don’t have as much oil severance tax revenue. From the data we see that Texas collected $84 per person in severance tax, while Kansas collected $17 per person. This difference is much smaller than the difference in total tax collections between these states.
Similarly, when comparing Kansas to Florida — which like Texas has no income tax — the large amount of tourism in Florida is said to generate enough revenue to allow zero income tax. But, in 2016 Florida collected $1,081 per person in sales tax, while Kansas collected $1,115 per person. Florida does not collect sales tax on groceries, so it may be that visitors pay more of the sales tax burden. But, Kansas still collects more sales tax on a per-capita basis, and Kansas collects much more tax in total than Florida, again on a per-capita basis.
Data is as collected from the United States Census Bureau, Annual Survey of State Government Tax Collections, and not adjusted for inflation. Visualization created using Tableau Public. Click here to access the visualization.
I’m not defending taxation, because Taxation is Theft, but wouldn’t it stand to reason that the bigger the state, the fewer the taxes per captia? At some point, you still need the basics (streets, sewers, etc). But your basics go further with more people with you’re more densely populated. Just a thought…
Nick Mallure: not really, because the biggest state expenditures are not streets, sewers, etc. but rather 1) public education and 2) Medicaid, both of which are funded per person.