Explore the economic record of presidents through the lens of energy independence.
To examine the record of presidents regarding economics, I gathered data from several sources and present it in an interactive visualization. New to the visualization is Primary Energy Net Imports. When this number is negative, it means the United States is exporting more energy than it imports. This data comes from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.
Primary energy is “Energy in the form that it is first accounted for in a statistical energy balance, before any transformation to secondary or tertiary forms of energy. For example, coal can be converted to synthetic gas, which can be converted to electricity; in this example, coal is primary energy, synthetic gas is secondary energy, and electricity is tertiary energy.”
For each president, data is presented by month, with the first month of each president’s term having number one. Presidents that served two full terms have data up to month 96 of their term, while others have fewer months.
Data is shown in several views:
- A table.
- A timeline chart showing the monthly value of a statistic by month for each president. There are two versions.
- A chart showing the change in the absolute value of a statistic by month for each president.
- A chart showing the proportional change in the value of a statistic for each president.
- Grids of the same data.
Click here to learn more about the data and access the visualization.