For the Wichita metropolitan area in January 2021, the number of unemployed persons is down, the unemployment rate is up, and the number of people working is down when compared to the same month one year ago. The recent trend is positive.
Data released today by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, part of the United States Department of Labor, shows the effects of the response to the pandemic in the Wichita Metropolitan Statistical Area for January 2021.
Click charts and tables for larger versions.
Total nonfarm employment fell from 306,200 in January 2020 to 283,100 in January 2021, a loss of 23,100 jobs (7.5 percent). (This data is not seasonally adjusted, so month-to-month comparisons are not valid.) For the same period, employment in the nation fell by 6.1 percent. The unemployment rate in January 2021 was 6.8 percent, up from 3.6 percent the same month one year prior.
Considering seasonally adjusted data from the household survey, the labor force rose by 6,404 persons (2.0 percent) in January 2021 from December 2020, the number of unemployed persons rose by 6,056 (40.7 percent), and the unemployment rate was 6.5 percent, up from 4.7 percent in December. The number of employed persons not working on farms rose to 301,230 in January from 300,882 the prior month, an increase of 348 persons (0.1 percent).
The following chart of the monthly change in the labor force and employment in Wichita shows the magnitude of the drop in employment in April 202 overwhelming other months, and thenbotha positive and negative changes in employment for the following months. The rate of job growth is generally small except for October. The number of people in the labor force has both grown and shrank.
The following chart of changes from the same month one year ago shows a similar trend — fewer jobs, although the difference is becoming smaller as more people return to work.
The following chart of changes in employment from the same month of the previous year shows months when the Wichita MSA performed better than the nation before the pandemic. In months affected by the pandemic, we see the loss in employment Wichita has not been as severe as the nation, although that is not the case in recent months.
The following chart shows the monthly change in nonfarm jobs for Wichita and the nation. For January, the number of jobs in Wichita rose slightly, while for the nation, the number also rose by a smaller amount.
The following two charts show changes in jobs for Wichita and the nation over longer periods. The change is calculated from the same month of the previous year. For times when the Wichita line was above the nation, Wichita was growing faster than the nation. This was often the case during the decades starting in 1990 and 2000. Since 2010, however, Wichita has rarely outperformed the nation and sometimes has been far below the nation.
(For data on all metropolitan areas in the nation, see my interactive visualization Metro area employment and unemployment. It is updated through January 2021.)
The link to the archived version of the BLS news release for this month may be found here.